INDIAN SCIENTISTS FIND RATTLESNAKE VENOM PILLS TO KILL HIV
It can treat AIDS, say Indian researchers at the World Homeopathy Summit in Hyderabad, on Saturday.
A breakthrough research by Hyderabad-based JSPS Government Homeopathic Medical College, and Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), extracted some homeopathic medicine from snake venom, Crotalus Horridus. It shows that it can stop the multiplication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), according to dna.
Good News for Prevention of HIV AIds
KILL THE DISEASE FROM YOUR SIDE THROUGH SELF TEST
Developers hope the BioSure HIV Self Test will help identify the estimated 26,000 people in Britain who have HIV but do not yet know.
“Knowing your HIV status is critical and the launch of this product will empower people to discreetly test themselves when it is convenient to them and in a place where they feel comfortable,” explained BioSure founder Brigette Bard.
Early diagnosis reduces the risk of passing the disease on to other people and also raises the success rate of modern treatments, which now make the disease manageable.
People diagnosed late are 11 times more likely to die in the first year after diagnosis,” she added.
The kit reacts to antibodies — proteins made in response to the virus — in a drop of the person’s blood, producing two purple lines in the event of a positive diagnosis.
The self-test, which is only available via the Internet, can only detect antibodies three months after the patient has become infected meaning it cannot diagnose the virus before then.
All positive results must be confirmed by professional health workers, experts said.
Rosemary Gillespie, chief executive at HIV charity Terrence Higgins Trust, said it was “great to see the first self-test kits being approved.
“However, it is important to make sure people can get quick access to support when they get their result.”
Currently, those who fear they may have been infected have to collect a blood sample at home and send it to a laboratory, waiting five days for the result.
There are almost 110,000 people in Britain living with HIV, which can lead to AIDS if the sufferer’s immune system becomes badly damaged.
A similar test in the US has been available since 2012, giving a result in around 30 minutes from a sample of the person’s saliva or blood
SCIENTIST HAVE FOUND WAY TO KILL HIV VIRUS
While testing a recently developed molecule, JP-III-48, on samples from HIV-positive patients, researchers at the University of Montreal in Canada observed something groundbreaking. The molecule had the ability to open up HIV “like a flower.” Although this finding is still in its early stages, the team hopes it may set the foundation for new preventive HIV measures and even possibly a way to eliminate the virus from those already infected.
Part of the reason why scientists find it so difficult to create a vaccine for HIV is that the virus has a unique way of evading the immune system. Although the host creates antibodies against HIV, without a way to physically reach the virus, it is difficult for the human body to mount an effective immune response against it. A recent study, now published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggests a way around HIV’s defenses.
The virus is similar to a tightly sealed can. Figuring out a way to “open” HIV would allow antibodies to reach the most vulnerable parts of the virus and eliminate infection.
Harvard and University of Pennsylvania researchers developed JP-III-48, but Montreal researchers were the first to successfully test it on HIV-positive patients. The molecule imitates CD4, a protein located on the surface of T lymphocytes. CD4 acts as a doorway to the T cell and allows HIV to enter and infect. It was in the Montreal study that the researchers added JP-III-48 to the serum of patients infected with HIV-1 (the most common form of HIV) and witnessed the flower-opening effect.
“Adding the small molecule forces the viral envelop to open like a flower,” lead author of the study, Jonathan Richard, explained in a press release. The molecule forces the virus to expose parts which are recognized by the host’s antibodies. The antibodies then create a sort of bridge with some cells in the immune system and form an attack. “The antibodies that are naturally present after the infection can then target the infected cells so they are killed by the immune system,” Richard added.
So far, JP-III-48’s effect on HIV has only been observed in serum taken from HIV-positive patients, but the researchers hope to soon test this “can opener” molecule on primates with a simian version of the virus.
The researchers speculate that this discovery could have huge potential in research into developing a vaccine against HIV. Another factor that makes HIV so difficult to fight is that even if the virus is completely eradicated from the body, traces of it still remain dormant in HIV "resevoirs," waiting to return once treatments cease. The team believes that the “can opener” molecule can play a role in overcoming this defense. If scientists can develop a way to “shock” the HIV traces out of hiding, then they can be killed using the “can opener” molecule and already present antibodies.